Micronutrients deficiency can be encountered by visual symptoms on crops and by testing soil and plant tissues. For understanding these visual symptoms, it is necessary to know the role each micronutrient plays in plant growth and development.
The role of micronutrients in a plant as below:
- Zinc is crucial for plant hormone balance and auxin activity and it is vital for growth, a division of cell and production of husks of grains.
- Iron assists in biological process and cell growth in plants. Iron is a component of enzymes, essential for chlorophyll synthesis, photosynthesis.
- Boron enhances flowering blooms and develops uniform ripening process and it is essential in sugar transport, Cell division, and amino acid production.
- Manganese performs an important role in photosynthesis, chloroplast production, a cofactor in many plant reactions and activates enzymes.
- Copper stimulates enzymes required for photosynthesis.
- Molybdenum is crucial for the growth of leaves and prevention of diseases in plants and it is involved in nitrogen metabolism, essential in nitrogen fixation by legumes.
Micronutrient Deficiency Symptoms:
Except for Molybdenum, Other micronutrients are considered weakly mobile or immobile in plants. This means that deficiency symptoms appear severely on newest plant tissues, whereas for Molybdenum deficiency symptoms appear first on oldest plant tissues.
- Zinc deficiency results in stunted growth, lessened internode length, young leaves are smaller than normal.
- Iron deficiency leads to chlorosis or yellowing between the veins of new leaves.
- Boron deficiency results into light general chlorosis, a death of growing point, deformed leaves with areas of discoloration.
- Manganese (Mn) deficiency cause chlorotic mosaic patterns on leaves.
- Copper deficiency results in light overall chlorosis, leaf tips die back and tips are twisted, loss of turgor in young leaves.
- Molybdenum deficiency is similar to those of ordinary nitrogen deficiency – general chlorosis (yellowing) of young plants, chlorosis of oldest leaves.
Aries provide micronutrients in form of EDTA chelates and Amino Acid Chelates.
Chelation is a type of bonding of ions and molecules to metal ions. Chelates are complex compounds consisting of a central metal atom attached to a large molecule, called a ligand in a cyclic or ring structure.
EDTA is also known as Ethylene Diamine Tetra-Acetic Acid . It is a chelating agent, which means that its molecular structure allows it to bind to heavy metals. Ligands are organic compounds like Ethylene Diamine Tetra-Acetic Acid (EDTA) produces steady chelates with micronutrients. It keeps these metal ions in a soluble form supplying nutritional benefit to the plants.
Amino Acid Chelates are natural bio-organic chelating agents. A bio-organic chelating agent functions as a very powerful delivery system for nutrients; Aries Pro-range contains amino acids derived from soya proteins, fortified with nitrogen.
Micronutrients are utilized for Soil application, foliar spray, and fertigation.